Celebrating New Realism (group show)
40th anniversary of Centre Pompidou
Les Abattoirs, FRAC Midi-Pyrénées, Toulouse
2 February - 28 May 2017
Artists include: Arman, Ben, César, Gérard Deschamps, François Dufrêne, Raymond Hains, Horst Egon Kalinowski, Yves Klein, Robert Malaval, Robert Rauschenberg, Jean-Pierre Raynaud, Martial Raysse, Mimmo Rotella, Niki de Saint Phalle, Daniel Spoerri, Richard Stankiewicz, Jean Tinguely, Jacques Villeglé, Gil Joseph Wolman, and M.A.T. Editions.
The Nouveau Realisme movement began in Yves Klein’s studio in 1960, where Pierre Restany brought together a group of artists whose collective singularity was "Nouveau Réalisme—new ways of perceiving the real”. Arman, César, François Dufrêne, Raymond Hains, Yves Klein, Martial Raysse, Daniel Spoerri, Jean Tinguely, and Jacques Villeglé all signed the manifesto, joined by Niki de Saint Phalle, Gérard Deschamps, César, and Mimmo Rotella the following year, and later Christo.
The group offered an alternative to the Abstract wave which followed the Second World War and quickly became a major trend in Avant Garde throughout France and Europe. Nouveau Réalisme’s perspective on the object and gesture joined the change that was happening internationally throughout the world of art (Néo-Dada, Fluxus, Pop art, groupe Zéro...)
Like Pop Art, Nouveau Réalisme addressed the rise in industrialisation and consumerism in society. Drawing material for their works from the daily life of the early 1960s, Nouveau Realists used everyday objects, adverts, posters, junk, neon lights... Their works were however dense and radical, marked by action and movement; destroying, ripping, compressing, assembling, sticking, tearing, stretching, stamping, and wrapping. Each artist had their own particular method of creating a "poetic recycling of urban, industrial and advertising reality". Arman had his accumulations and destructions, César; expansions and compressions, Hains and Villeglé; décollage (torn poster technique), Yves Klein; monochromes and performance art, Raysse; assemblage and transfigurements, Spoerri; snare-pictures, Tinguely; sculptural machines or metamechanics, and Niki de Saint Phalle her Tirs and Nanas.
The diversity and vitality of Nouveau Réaliste works will be showcased at les Abattoirs in a journey into the heart of the movement; accompanied by films, the exhibition will highlight how much the group has influenced public space, and our lives. You’ll see the militant, often comical side to the works, many of which are on loan from the Pompidou Centre and Tiguely museum (Basel). To complete this unique show, some works by artists close to the movement (Malaval, Raynaud, Rauschenberg, etc.) will be included.
Les Abattoirs, Toulouse
Art into Life! Collector Wolfgang Hahn and the 60s (group show)
10 November 2017 - 24 June 2018
In the 1960s, a new avantgarde movement emerged in the Rhineland. It was to break down the parameters of artistic disciplines, with an new internationally networked generation of artists coming from nouveau réalisme, Fluxus, and new music. One of the first collectors of their works was Wolfgang Hahn, chief restorer at the Wallraf Richartz Museum in Cologne. In 1978 his collection of around 400 works came to Vienna, where it is now one of mumok’s key collections. In the exhibition Art into Life! Collector Wolfgang Hahn and the 60s, mumok now presents the major works from the Hahn Collection.
The slogan “art into life” was taken literally in the 1960s. The aim was to overcome an obsolete tradition in painting, using everyday objects, texts, and musical scores instead of creating classical painting and sculpture. All the works shown in this exhibition, beginning with Door by Joseph Beuys and ending with Wolf Vostell‘s action objects, are indebted to this expanded concept of art. Happenings, actions, and performances of new music are well represented, with works by Allan Kaprow, Nam June Paik, and John Cage. Prominent works of Pop art by George Segal, Claes Oldenburg, and Tom Wesselman enter into dialogue with material images from nouveau réalisme, which is a focus of the Hahn Collection, including works by Daniel Spoerri, Jean Tinguely, and Niki de Saint Phalle.